How F1’s level playing field rules have impacted computer chip choices
Exactly where after all those outfits with the most income could simply just publish a major fats cheque to shell out their way to more substantial and much better developments, now that is no longer the case.
Generally, the arrival of a cost cap in F1 signifies that groups are strictly minimal in what they can invest. For prime maker outfits, it is a struggle to continue to keep within just the existing $140 million expending restrict that has been imposed.
But, on top rated of the monetary ceiling, a different key improve has been the introduction of aerodynamic tests limitations.
Groups have been minimal on how substantially they can operate wind tunnels, and how considerably CFD operate they can do, to try to make certain that all groups have similar opportunities.
Outside of that, there is also a sliding scale handicap procedure in spot, in which the extra successful you are in the planet championship then the additional restricted you are in what you can do in the windtunnel or with your computer simulations.
The blended impression of all these procedures should produce prospect to the lesser outfits who have been outspent in the latest yrs, but they have also prompted the need for a completely various method from the top groups.
Now it is not a problem of throwing revenue at a trouble to check out to clear up it it is about trying to find out the biggest bang for buck feasible.
Lewis Hamilton, Mercedes W13
Image by: Carl Bingham / Motorsport Pictures
This impact is largely visible to lovers in the way that teams are limiting their motor vehicle updates this calendar year. Everybody is becoming extra strategic in how and when they bring developments, fairly than bolting on every thing new they find.
But digging further into places exactly where teams have designed some modifications in a bid to travel up effectiveness amid the constraints of the cost cap and the aero testing limits, it has been fascinating to study how it has even brought on a deep analysis amid teams about their computer chips.
A report published today has demonstrated that a improve to AMD computer processors at Mercedes at the start off of 2020 has served it produce because then an amazing 20% efficiency advancement on the CFD that was utilised to product and examination aerodynamic movement on its F1 car or truck.
That resulted in the workforce staying able to cut its CFD workload in half, and was a a great deal bigger get than the typical 1 or two per cent improvements typically viewed with each chip evolution.
It arrived as the end result of a move to AMD’s second era EPYC processors, which is felt delivered a better value/performance harmony than the programs it experienced used for the previous three-and-a-fifty percent several years.
The swap to the new processors was brought on as the final result of each the looming price tag cap and a transform for 2021 in a way that the FIA constrained what groups could do for aerodynamic tests.
Simon Williams, head of aero growth software at Mercedes, reported that the inclusion of teams’ CFD in the price cap intended some large decisions had to be created, which is why it went for the second generation EPYC processors.
“We experienced new rules coming in and have been refreshing our techniques,” he mentioned. “General performance was the crucial driver of the determination building.
“We appeared at AMD and the competitors. The CFD clear up was the significant aspect when running benchmarks. We necessary to get this ideal, simply because we’re heading to be on this components for 3 decades.
“The other component was that we have the hardware on premises, and if it normally takes up the complete details centre then that was not going to be an option. EPYC was the front runner in offering the overall performance and space preserving we required.”
Williams claims the thrust was partly determined by the way that the FIA opened up an avenue for groups to lift their CFD match from 2021.
“Wind tunnel hrs and computational fluid dynamics were being formerly each controlled to a prevalent number, so you could bias toward wind tunnel or CFD,” he discussed.
“The FIA decoupled that for 2021. The next factor they did was give an uplift on the quantity of compute we could have.
“The third factor was prorating it centered on in which your efficiency is in the championship, so you can find a sliding scale that biases the capability you have to build aerodynamics.
“We are trying to make the most of that, as nicely as just the uncooked compute. You will find also a regulation of how several geometries we can operate in a particular interval, which usually spans eight months. We are attempting to improve every thing we can do in that period to get the most out of our CFD.”
AMD EPYC 7003 Collection Processor
Picture by: AMD
With close to 1800 new geometry simulations allowed for each eight-7 days period in 2021, Mercedes required to know that its processors were producing the most of each individual run.
“It’s about making an attempt to optimize the get the job done that the CFD solve can do for every clock cycle,” he extra.
Williams claims the 20% general performance achieve has been amazing, but equally the deficiency of downtime has been an significant element also.
“The new procedure is allowing us to concentration our energy on aerodynamic effectiveness,” he adds. “Dependability has been fantastic also. If we miss out on even a couple hrs that places us on the again foot, so it can be essential that these techniques are sturdy and dependable. This is a little something that EPYC has sent.
“The time scales are so brief from original idea, to CFD, to screening in the tunnel, and then into the vehicle. It could be calculated in months. The reality that we have been ready to supply constantly around the 12 months has been key.”